Down Syndrome Overview Down Syndrome OverviewRelated Health News « Back to Down Syndrome Overview Index Sorted Alphabetically A-Z Sort by popularity A Better Test for Down Syndrome? Animal Study Ties Common Chemical to Reproductive Problems Birth Defect Risk Doubles in Children Born to Cousins: Study Birth Defects Seem Rare in Kids of Childhood Cancer Survivors Blood Test Detects Down Syndrome During Pregnancy Blood Test May Spot Genetic Disease in Fetuses Father's Age Linked to Autism New Earlier, Noninvasive Paternity Test Developed Plastics Chemical BPA May Harm Human Fertility: Study Prenatal Test Presents Dilemmas to Expectant Mothers Progress Toward Blood Test for Down Syndrome U.S. Children's Hospitals Treating More Complex, Expensive Conditions Sorted by Popularity (as on MedicineNet) Sort alphabetically A Better Test for Down Syndrome? Plastics Chemical BPA May Harm Human Fertility: Study Birth Defect Risk Doubles in Children Born to Cousins: Study U.S. Children's Hospitals Treating More Complex, Expensive Conditions Prenatal Test Presents Dilemmas to Expectant Mothers Animal Study Ties Common Chemical to Reproductive Problems Father's Age Linked to Autism Blood Test May Spot Genetic Disease in Fetuses New Earlier, Noninvasive Paternity Test Developed Blood Test Detects Down Syndrome During Pregnancy Birth Defects Seem Rare in Kids of Childhood Cancer Survivors Progress Toward Blood Test for Down Syndrome Suggested Reading on Down Syndrome by Our Doctors Related Diseases & Conditions 30 articles Leukemia Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood cells in which the growth and development of the blood cells are abnormal. Strictly speaking, leukemia should Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. The two types of diabetes are referred to as type Hypothyroidism Hypothyroidism is any state in which thyroid hormone production is below normal. Normally, the rate of thyroid hormone production is controlled by the Scoliosis Scoliosis causes an abnormal curvature of the spine. When the cause of scoliosis is unknown the disorder is described based on the age when the scoliosis Eustachian Tube Problems (Problems Clearing Your Ears) The Eustachian tube is a membrane lined tube that connects the middle ear space to the back of the nose. Problems include partial or complete blockage Dementia Dementia is a significant loss of intellectual abilities such as memory capacity, severe enough to interfere with social or occupational functioning. There Sleep Apnea Sleep apnea is defined as a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep. The three types of sleep apnea are central apnea, obstructive apnea (OSA), Glaucoma Glaucoma is a common eye condition in which the fluid pressure inside the eye rises because of slowed fluid drainage from the eye. If untreated, glaucoma Tongue Problems There are a variety of diseases and conditions that can cause tongue problems, discoloration, and soreness. Though most tongue problems are not serious. Obesity Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are more than 20 percent Cataracts A cataract is an eye disease that causes the eye's lens to become cloudy and opaque with decreased vision. Causes of cataracts include diabetes, hypothyroidism, Fragile X Syndrome Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation. It's caused by a mutation on the X chromosome. People with Fragile X syndrome Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is a common cause of dementia. Symptoms and warning signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss, difficulty performing familiar Microcephaly Microcephaly is a genetic condition where the circumference of the head is smaller than normal due to underdeveloped brain. Microcephaly is caused by genetic Blindness Blindness is the state of being sightless. Causes of blindness include macular degeneration, stroke, cataract, glaucoma, infection and trauma. Symptoms Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults) Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social interaction, and behavior. Autism Genetic Disease Genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Types of genetic inheritance include single inheritance (for example, Turner Syndrome Turner syndrome is an inherited chromosomal condition affecting women. Women with Turner syndrome do not have ovarian function, and features of the syndrome Childhood Obesity Fast food consumption and lack of exercise are just a couple of causes of childhood obesity. Health effects of childhood obesity include type 2 diabetes, Klinefelter Syndrome Klinefelter syndrome, also referred to as XXY condition, is a genetic disease. Klinefelter syndrome affects mostly males. Symptoms include decreased testosterone Spina Bifida and Anencephaly (Neural Tube Defects) Spina bifida is the most common neural tube defect in the United States. There are four types of spina bifida; 1) occulta, 2) closed neural tube defects, Hirschsprung's Disease Hirschsprung's disease (Hirschsprung), is a disease of the nerve cells of of the large intestine. The primary symptom of Hirschsprung's disease is constipation. Congenital Heart Defects Congenital heart defects are heart problems that are present at birth. Genetics may play a role in some heart defects. Symptoms can range from nonexistent Trisomy 18 Trisomy 18 is an chromosomal condition that causes severe birth defects in newborns. Many babies born with trisomy 18 do not live past one month of age. Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children. Symptoms and signs include fever, easy bruising, bone or joint pain, Genetic Counseling Your health care provider may refer you to a genetic professional. Universities and medical centers also often have affiliated genetic professionals, or Dislocated Ankle (Ankle Dislocation) Symptoms and signs of a dislocated ankle include pain, swelling, bruising, ankle deformity, and possible numbness and tingling in the foot. Treatment of Pregnancy Planning Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, Strabismus (Crossed Eyes) Strabismus, or crossed eyes, is a condition in which the eyes do not align in the usual way. The condition may be congenital or the result of a problem See All Related Diseases & Conditions » Medications 0 articles Procedures & Tests 4 articles Pictures, Images & Quizzes 1 articles Doctor's & Expert's Views 3 articles Health News 12 articles Health Features 2 articles STAY INFORMED Get the latest health and medical information delivered direct to your inbox!