Medical Definition of Sterilization, female surgical
Sterilization, female surgical: Female surgical sterilization blocks (or removes part or all of) the fallopian tubes so the egg cannot travel to the uterus. The procedure is done by various surgical techniques, usually under general anesthesia.
Complications are rare but can include infection, hemorrhage (bleeding), and problems related to the use of general anesthesia.
Female surgical sterilization is a contraceptive option for women who do not want children in the future. It is considered permanent because reversal (if potentially feasible) requires major surgery that is often unsuccessful.
Last Editorial Review: 5/13/2016
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