Osteoporosis Prevention & Treatment (cont.)
The best exercises for the bones are weight-bearing exercises (exercising against gravity). Examples of weight- bearing exercises include walking, jogging, dancing, stair climbing, hiking, low impact aerobics, tennis, etc. On the other hand, swimming and stretching are not weight bearing exercises that may not have the same beneficial effect on the bones as weight-bearing exercises.
Prudent exercise is important to avoid injury to already weakened bones. In patients over 40 and in those with conditions such as heart disease, obesity, diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, types and levels of exercise should be prescribed and monitored by their doctors.
Finally, extreme levels of exercise (such as marathon running) may not be healthy for the bones. Marathon running in young women that leads to weight loss and loss of menstrual periods can actually cause osteoporosis.
MedicineNet:Tell us more about other life style issues such as smoking,
alcohol, and caffeine.
Data on the effect of regular consumption of alcohol and
caffeine on osteoporosis is not as clear as with exercise
and cigarettes. More than two drinks of alcohol a day may
increase bone loss. More than 2 cups of coffee daily can
also cause bone loss. These effects do not seem to be as
powerful as other factors. Nevertheless, moderation of
both alcohol and caffeine is prudent.
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