Heart Failure (cont.)

Quick Quiz

  1. Which diseases and conditions most often damage heart muscle, leading to heart failure?

A. stroke, diabetes, and kidney disease

B. coronary artery disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure

C. cancer, high blood pressure, and stroke

B is the correct answer. Coronary artery disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure all have the potential to damage heart muscle. This damage can then lead to heart failure.

  1. Heart failure is most common among

A. people over age 65

B. African-Americans

C. men

D. all of the above

D is the correct answer. While heart failure can happen to almost anyone, it is most common in those over the age of 65 and in African-Americans, and more common in men than in women.

  1. What are some ways to help prevent heart failure?

A. quit smoking

B. exercise

C. limit foods high in cholesterol and saturated fat

D. all of the above

D is the correct answer. There are several steps you can take to lower your risk of heart failure. These include losing weight, limiting alcohol, exercising, and quitting smoking. Ask your doctor for more tips on how to protect your heart.

  1. What kinds of foods should you eat to follow a heart-healthy diet?

A. bacon, cheeseburgers, and fries

B. ice cream and yogurt

C. vegetables and fruits

C is the correct answer. Heart-healthy foods include vegetables and fruits and other foods that are high in fiber, such as oatmeal, whole-grain breads and cereals, and oat bran.

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