Losing Those Last 10 Pounds, Tips to Hit Your Goal (cont.)
To keep focused and motivated, it may help to know what's going on inside your body, says Hoeger, author of Lifetime Physical Fitness and Wellness.
When you're dieting, you may lose weight faster at first because of an initial loss of lean body mass. When the loss of this lean component stabilizes -- because your body needs lean body mass to perform the activities of daily living -- your weight loss becomes much more gradual.
"But when a moderate diet (1,200 to 1,500 calories) is combined with exercise, a much greater amount of weight loss is in the form of fat [rather than lean muscle mass] because the body requires the lean tissue to perform the exercise program," says Hoeger.
So if you haven't been exercising, now is the time to start. If you've been working out all along, consider stepping it up a bit.
"Exercise helps you maintain lean muscle mass while you are dieting, and it helps with appetite control," says Judy Giusti, MS, RD, coordinator of the "Fit 'N Healthy" program at the Joslin Diabetes Center.
Your exercise program should include strength or resistance training as well as an aerobic component, the experts say.
A good strength-training program should include about 10 exercises that include the major muscle groups, says Hoeger, who recommends that you do three to four sets of eight to 12 repetitions to near fatigue.
And make sure you're working hard enough, Hoeger says.
"When most people strength train, they perform several sets but seldom max out during a set," he says. "They may perform 10 repetitions in a set, but could still perform another 10 because the resistance (weight) used is not high enough to cause muscle fatigue at 8 to 12 repetitions."
To make your strength-training program more time-effective, Hoeger suggests, alternate different exercises that use different muscle groups. For example, do squats to work your lower body, followed by pushups for the upper body. "In this manner, the person will not have to wait the required two to three minutes between sets for adequate muscle recovery," he says.
Maintain Your Motivation
Guisti says this is also a good time a time to make sure you're using your food diary religiously. You may find that your portion sizes have crept upward, or that you're making more high-calorie food choices as you have neared your goal.
"Keeping food records -- writing down everything that you eat -- can help to pinpoint problems and make one more aware of what is being eaten. Then any lapses can be nipped in the bud," Guisti says. "Keep in mind that no one is perfect, and everyone will have days when they eat more than they wished. Then it is important to think positively and get back on track the next day."
To stay focused on their goals,"people need to progressively add new behavioral change strategies as they go through the weight loss program," says Hoeger. So figure out what's working, and what isn't, and adjust your strategies accordingly.