Healthy Fast Food: Can You Indulge Without Guilt?
More chains offering healthy fast-food alternatives
By Leanna Skarnulis
Reviewed By Michael W. Smith, MD
With their ability to provide good-tasting, inexpensive meals in a hurry, fast-food restaurants have changed the eating habits of millions of Americans. Now there's something new on their menus: lower-fat and lower-calorie salads, sandwiches, and desserts that are both tasty and nutritious.
Wendy's has Garden Sensations salads, McDonald's has Fruit 'n Yogurt Parfait, Burger King has a Veggie Burger, and Arby's has a Light Menu. Every month seems to bring an announcement of something new. Among the latest: Premium Salads with Newman's Own dressings at McDonald's.
Healthy fast food isn't a new idea. Several chains have long offered salads. McDonald's even introduced a McLean burger in the early 90s, but it didn't catch on. But nutritious fare now seems to be a trend, driven by hopes of greater profits, according to industry observers.
Chains hope that by targeting the growing number of health-conscious consumers -- namely, women -- they can bolster sluggish sales, says market analyst Walter Butkus, a partner in the firm Restaurant Research.
That said, he says that the chains aren't about to change their core menu of burgers and fries, and will continue to focus on their main customer base: men ages 18 to 24.
"They're not so worried about their health," Butkus says of this group. "They want cheaper eats that taste good and that they can get on the go."
But competition for those customers is stiff.
"The fast food business has matured," Butkus tells WebMD. "There's not much growth in sales or additional units, so they're offering add-on products like salads to appeal to women and people a bit older."
But just how healthy are these new offerings, coming from restaurants renowned for juicy burgers and deep-fried potatoes?
Jayne Hurley, a senior nutritionist with the Center for Science in the Public Interest who wrote a recent CSPI report on the best and worst fast foods, was pleased to find some truly healthy fast food. Her top picks are McDonald's Fruit 'n Yogurt Parfait, Burger King's BK Veggie Burger and Chicken Whopper Jr., and Wendy's Garden Sensations salads.
Here's her analysis of those dishes:
Hurley also gives high marks to Subway, which, strictly speaking, is in the "quick casual" rather than fast-food restaurant category. She praises Subway for pioneering and promoting healthy, delicious sandwiches with fewer than 6 grams of fat.
Eating out used to be an occasional thing, but today Americans consume about one-third of their total calories in restaurants, says Margo Wootan, DSc, CSPI's nutrition policy director.
"Both adults and children eat about twice as many calories out compared to eating at home," she says. "And they eat more saturated fat, and less calcium, fiber, fruits and vegetables."
She says that healthy fast-food choices often are not obvious, and that consumers need information in order to make good decisions. "One of the policies we're working on is to get the chains -- both (sit-down) restaurants and fast food -- to list calories on their menus or menu boards," she tells WebMD.
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