Summer Fruit Frenzy
'Tis the season to savor fruit's fresh, healthy goodness
By Elaine Magee, MPH, RD
Reviewed By Kathleen Zelman, MPH, RD, LD
Only when I'm washing a basket of ripe strawberries or slicing into a juicy watermelon do I declare it officially summer. It's time for blueberry pancakes and muffins, strawberry shortcake, exotic, colorful salads, and waffles with everything from peaches to berries piled high. If there's ever a time when we are likely to eat our recommended servings of fruit, this is it!
Along with fabulous flavor, summer fruits serve up a potpourri of great nutrition. Most of summer's fruits are bursting with antioxidants and phytochemicals (plant chemicals, many of which are thought to have a protective effect against cancer), as well as vitamins, minerals, and fiber. A rule of thumb for fruits and vegetables is, in general, the brighter the color, the more nutrients. So you can imagine how summer fruits such as blueberries, red grapes, strawberries, mangos, and boysenberries score on the nutrition index.
Here are 11 popular fruits of summer and their nutritional attributes.
Apricots: Rich in the phytochemical beta-carotene, a cup of apricot halves has 3 grams of fiber, half of the recommended daily allowance (RDA) for vitamin A, 26% of the RDA for vitamin C, and 17% for vitamin E.
Berries: 1 cup of blueberries has 4 grams of fiber, 32% of the RDA for vitamin C, and 18% of the RDA for vitamin E. A cup of boysenberries has 6.3 grams of fiber, 27% of the RDA for folic acid, 50% of the RDA for vitamin C, 13% of the RDA for vitamin E, and 10% of the RDA for magnesium. A cup of raspberries: 5 grams of fiber, 18% of the RDA for folic acid, and 51% of the RDA for vitamin C. Raspberries also have the phytochemical ellagic acid.
Cantaloupe: 1 cup of cubed cantaloupe contains 64% of the RDA for vitamin A, 12% of the RDA for vitamin B-6, 15% for folic acid, and 113% for vitamin C. Cantaloupe also has phytochemicals such as alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, flavonoids, coumarins, and phenolic acids.
Cherries: 1 cup has 2.5 grams of fiber and 17% of the RDA for vitamin C.
Grapes: Both red and green grapes contain ellagic acid. Red grapes also have the newly discovered phytochemical resveratrol. 1 cup of red flame grapes has 13% of the RDA for vitamin B-1, 11% of the RDA for vitamin B-6, 29% for vitamin C, 14% for vitamin E, and 28% for selenium. A cup of Thompson seedless grapes has 14% of the RDA for vitamin B-1, 11% for vitamin B-6, 29% for vitamin C, 14% for vitamin E, and 28% for selenium.
Honeydew melon: 1 cup of cubed honeydew contains 12% of the RDA for vitamin B-1, 28% for folic acid, and 70% for vitamin C.
Mango: 1 cup of sliced mango has 4.5 grams of fiber, 80% of the RDA for vitamin A, 14% for vitamin B-6, 17% for folic acid, 76% for vitamin C, and 23% for vitamin E. Mangos are rich in beta-carotene.
Peaches/Nectarines: 1 cup of nectarine slices contains 2 grams of fiber, 13% of the RDA for vitamin A, 10% for vitamin B-3, 12% for vitamin C, and 15% for vitamin E. A cup of peach slices has 3 grams of fiber, 11% of the RDA for vitamin A, 12% for vitamin B-3, 19% for vitamin C, and 15% for vitamin E.
Plums: 1 cup has 3 grams of fiber, 26% of the RDA for vitamin C, 15% for vitamin E, and 12% for riboflavin.
Strawberries: 1 cup has 2.5 grams of fiber, 16% of the RDA for folic acid, and 150% for vitamin C. Strawberries are also a great source of ellagic acid (a potent antioxidant), anthocyanosides, catechins (which help protect against cancer), and ferulic and caffeic acid.
Watermelon: 1 cup contains 26% of the RDA for vitamin C and 12% for vitamin B-1 and vitamin B-6.
If you want to eat more fruit, have it available at every turn -- at work, at home, in your car or briefcase. Here are 10 simple ways to work more fruit into your day:
"Certain fruits lend themselves to grilling--this is a fun and fancy way to get your fruit servings."
Selecting and Storing Summer Fruits