Kathleen Zelman: What's in My Fridge?
Our expert spills her secrets for a well-stocked refrigerator
By Kathleen Zelman, MPH, RD, LD
I love to cook, but with the demands of a busy life, most meals at my home are whipped up from the contents of a well-stocked refrigerator, freezer, and pantry. Leisurely cooking is reserved for weekends and special occasions.
A well-stocked refrigerator isn't just for dietitians -- it saves time and money and promotes healthful eating for everyone. It starts with a well-thought-out grocery list, based on weekly menus and a once-weekly trip to the market. The savings come from less-frequent trips to pick up forgotten ingredients, and from planning the creative use of leftovers. And, of course, trips to fast-food restaurants are less likely to happen when the refrigerator and cupboard are full of healthy and delicious food.
My family's style of eating is simple. I rarely make casseroles, sauces, or other foods with lots of ingredients -- except salads. What could be easier than a salad entree bursting with summer's bountiful fruits and vegetables?
Most of my meals use lots of fresh ingredients, including herbs from my garden, and are quickly prepared. We eat small portions of fish, poultry, low-fat dairy or lean meat, along with lots of vegetables, salads, and fruit. At least once a week, we have a vegetarian meal centered on vegetables and low-fat dairy. Cold, fresh, and nutritious soups such as gazpacho (see recipe below) are staples, for snacks, meals, or side dishes.
Something that's usually not in my kitchen: enticing foods that test my resolve. If I buy candy bars and cookies, chances are I'll end up eating them. My strategy is to purchase sweets for my family that I can resist, along with allowable treats -- like low-fat frozen yogurt and popsicles -- that I can enjoy guilt-free.
A Dietitian's Refrigerator
We eat most meals at home during the week and have nailed down our eating patterns so there is little waste but lots of healthy options. On any given day, you will find the following foods in my refrigerator:
The freezer is full of frozen vegetables that substitute when fresh are not available. Frozen boneless chicken breasts, pork tenderloin, salmon, and tilapia are mainstays, to defrost for easy dinners on the grill. I also keep single packages of already grilled chicken breast handy, along with frozen pizza crusts, to whip up super-quick meals.
To satisfy my sweet tooth, my freezer is stocked with novelty treats with less than 100 calories each, along with frozen low-fat yogurt. I also keep a variety of light frozen dinners, for those times when no family meal is planned.
The pantry supplies nuts, canned beans, pasta, rice, whole grains, cereals, sweet potatoes, tomato sauce, etc., to complete the list of ingredients needed for nutritious and quick meals.
Keep a Running List
Sometimes I fantasize about living in a city like Paris, where refrigerators are tiny and people make daily visits to the market to purchase fresh ingredients for that night's dinner. As romantic as that seems, who has time to go the market each day? My goal is to create a smart grocery list and visit the market only once a week -- twice at the most.
Attached to the side of my refrigerator is the perpetual grocery list. Whenever a staple food item is used up, I or one of my family members adds it to the list. After all, how am I supposed to know the yogurt is finished if I didn't finish it?
I have lots of cookbooks, subscriptions to cooking magazines, and recipes that inspire me to expand my repertoire of regular dishes. On Sundays, I select at least one new recipe to try, and draft a rough outline of the meals for the week based on everyone's schedule -- and including a well-deserved night out of the kitchen for myself.