The Link Between Depression & Other Mental Illness (cont.)
Social phobia is a common disorder, affecting over 5 million people in a given year. It often begins in childhood and rarely develops after age 25. People with social phobia are often aware that their fears are irrational but are unable to lessen or erase these fears.
The symptoms of social phobia are much the same as they are for other anxiety disorders, and include trembling or shaking, intense sweating, nausea, difficulty talking, dry mouth and a racing heart. Like other anxiety illnesses these symptoms range from being mild and tolerable to so severe that they become socially debilitating.
Social anxiety is often treated with a combination of medication and talk therapy.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intense, recurrent, unwanted thoughts and rituals that are beyond the person's control. Examples of these rituals can include hand washing, counting, checking, hoarding, repeating, cleaning and the endless rearranging of objects in order to ensure they are in precise alignment. To the person affected, these rituals and thoughts are recognized as senseless and distressing, but extremely difficult to control. If the person does not perform these rituals, anxiety increases dramatically and the person becomes concerned that something terrible will happen because of his or her neglect.