How to Care for Someone Without Getting Sick (cont.)
Whooping cough (Pertussis). In spite of widespread vaccination against whooping cough, the highly contagious disease is coming back. The CDC reported 20,000 cases in 2004 compared with 1,000 cases in 1976. Adolescents who were vaccinated as babies account for 40% of the new cases. The greatest risk of complications is to unvaccinated babies. Caregivers should be aware that the disease can be difficult to recognize because the adolescent's cough isn't the high-pitched "whoop" that characterizes the disease in younger children. Coughing -- and contagion -- can persist for up to 10 weeks.
Published Oct. 24, 2005.
SOURCES: Allison Janse, co-author, The Germ Freak's Guide to Outwitting Colds and Flu. Wanda Miller, RN, MA, executive director, and Dee-Dee Vallez, RN, MS, continuing education director, National Association of School Nurses (NASN), Castle Rock, Colo. CDC, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, March 21, 2005. WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Chickenpox (Varicella)." WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Influenza." WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Whooping Cough (Pertussis)." WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Pinkeye." WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Acute Bronchitis." WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Strep Throat." WebMD Public Information from the CDC: "Viral Gastroenteritis." CDC web site.
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Last Editorial Review: 10/28/2005