Common Medical Abbreviations & Terms (cont.)

Chem panel: Chemistry panel. A comprehensive screening blood test that indicates the status of the liver, kidneys, and electrolytes.

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

CVA: Cerebrovascular accident (Stroke).


D/C or DC: Discontinue or discharge. For example, a doctor will D/C a drug. Alternatively, the doctor might DC a patient from the hospital.

DDX: Differential diagnosis The variety diagnostic possibilities being considered.

DM: Diabetes mellitus.

DNC, D&C, or D and C: Dilation and curettage. Widening the cervix and scrapping with a curette for the purpose of removing tissue lining the inner surface of the womb (uterus).

DNR: Do not resuscitate. This is a specific order not to revive a patient artificially if they succumb to illness. If a patient is given a DNR order, they are not resuscitated if they are near death and no code blue is called.

DOE: Dyspnea on exertion. Shortness of breath with activity.

DTR: Deep tendon reflexes. These are reflexes that the doctor tests by banging on the tendons with a rubber hammer.

DVT: Deep venous thrombosis (Blood clot in large vein).


ETOH: Alcohol. ETOH intake history is often recorded as part of a patient history.


FX: Fracture.


GOMER: Slang for "get out of my emergency room."

gtt: Drops.


H&H: Hemoglobin and hematocrit. When the H & H is low, anemia is present. The H&H can be elevated in persons who have lung disease from long term smoking or from disease, such as polycythemia rubra vera.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/1/2014