Skin: Taking Care of Aging Skin with Diane Young (cont.)

Moderator: Doesn't botox freeze the forehead so that the woman loses facial expressions? What is the source of botox?

Dr. Young: It does, but it's temporary. Botox is not permanent. It temporarily paralyzes that muscle so it cannot form the wrinkle or the furrow, but gradually that wears off and you have to have another injection; it's not permanent.

Moderator: What is the source of botox?

Dr. Young: Botox is a form of botulism, a toxin. In measured amounts it seems to work well for temporarily "paralyzing" the nerve that causes the muscle to move in a certain way.

Moderator: What are some new developments in anti-aging research in the next five years? Ten years?

Dr. Young: I think that we will have sun protectors that give us 100% protection. We don't have it now. I think that we'll have exfoliating and resurfacing procedures that can be done at home to keep skin soft and smooth, moisturizers and ingredients that work deeper than just the surface of the skin. But I think the real frontier in anti-aging will be internal.

Dr. Young: I think we'll take ingestibles that will be highly efficient in slowing down the aging process and maybe reversing it. We'll have ingestibles that go directly into our systems. We'll have information that will give us much more control over the aging process than we do now. We already have more information than we have had in the past. Small lifestyle changes help. I think it will be proven that drinking more pure water will add greatly to our health and information about food and supplements like vitamins and mineral supplements. We're just at the tip of the iceberg about what good nutrition can do for the overall aging process.

Dr. Young: A lot of my clients in New York don't get enough sleep. The energy it takes to maintain our normal waking functions needs to be slowed down. Every night our body tries to catch up on the damage done during the day, but we short-change ourselves by not getting enough sleep or rest. I know it makes a difference in the way our skin functions.

Moderator: How much sleep do you recommend?

Dr. Young: Your body will tell you how much sleep you need. If you eat properly and practice a healthy lifestyle, you'll go into a deep and restful sleep. You'll wake up rested and refreshed, and eager to face the day. Most of us drag out of bed without enough rest.

Dr. Young: I think breathing is very important. When you are stressed you have shallow breathing, and oxygen is crucial to our health and function of our body. I think that breathing is going to be a huge anti-aging focus in the future. Oxygen bars are a result of a lack of oxygen in our environments. What I'm talking about is adequate breathing for the regular functioning of your body. We know that skin is nourished by oxygen. Skin is the last delivery point of oxygen in our body. It is dropped off last in the skin. Just breathing well and increasing oxygen in your body makes an enormous difference in the appearance of your skin. One of the first treatments in a spa is a massage. It increases blood flow and thus oxygen to the skin.

Dr. Young: Our everyday living will impact our appearance immensely.

cpc99_WebMD After spending many years in the south with no regard for sun protection in my youth, is there a natural "reversal" of the negative effects of sun? Any tips?

Dr. Young: One way is to stay out of the sun. To wear everyday, sun protection minimum SPF 15. Exfoliation in various forms will help to reduce sun damage. Eating a diet high in natural anti-oxidants like fruits and vegetables, and exercising the whole body will show up in her face and keep her skin looking younger. Using anti-oxidants will help. Try health food stores or other distribution methods.

I want to say this about skin care products; there is no such thing as a totally natural product. Products in jars, not made for one-time use need a preservative formula. Every time you stick your finger in, you introduce bacteria. While I agree that natural forms are important, there are good chemicals. The convenience of having a product ready in a jar is worth it.

Moderator: How are the oxygen levels in the skin scientifically measured?

Dr. Young: I don't know the exact answer, but I know that in skin care, there is a machine. It measures the results of hydration from products that contained hydrogen peroxide and anti-oxides. It's not widely available though. It was used in Europe and developed by a now-deceased man who worked on the original iron lung.

Moderator: Tell us about the advances in laser techniques.

Dr. Young: There are many forms of lasers now. They exfoliate on superficial layers of the skin, and deeper layers. There are lasers that work on broken capillaries and red pigmentation. There are lasers that work on dark-pigmented areas of the skin, and lasers that help remove hair from the skin. This whole laser technology is just really exploding; look for more to come.

Moderator: The skin is regarded as an organ. Why is this so?

Dr. Young: What confuses people about that is that they think of organs as internal, like your heart or lungs. They have some idea of the function of those organs. We take our skin for granted because it's an outside organ. It's function is to keep our insides "in" and outside things from getting in. Because we can see it and feel it everyday, we sort of take it for granted. It is not so involved with our survival as our inside organs are; it's crucial, but not in the same way as internal organs.

Dr. Young: People also forget that our skin is our air conditioning and heating regulation. It's a temperature regulator; through perspiration when our body temperature goes up. When we get cold and our temperature drops, our skin gives indicators that something is wrong; we shiver, we get goose bumps. It's main function is as a big envelope that's very difficult to penetrate, a wonderful armor. Once it becomes broken or cut, it becomes vulnerable to outside things getting inside our system

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