Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.
Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.
Keeping cool when temperatures reach record highs isn't
just about comfort. Dangerously high temperatures can result in heat-related
illnesses ranging from heat cramps to heat exhaustion and heat stroke. The
following tips can help you
keep cool all summer long.
Alter your pattern of outdoor exercise to take
advantage of cooler times (early morning or late evening). If you can't change
the time of your workout, scale it down by doing fewer minutes, walking instead
or running, or decreasing your level of exertion.
clothing, preferably of a light color.
Cotton clothing will keep you cooler
than many synthetics.
Fill a spray bottle with water and keep it in the
refrigerator for a quick refreshing spray to your face after being outdoors.
Fans can help circulate air and make you feel cooler
even in an air-conditioned house.
Try storing lotions or cosmetic toners in the
refrigerator to use on hot, overtired feet.
Keep plastic bottles of water in the freezer; grab
one when you're ready to go outside. As the ice melts, you'll have a supply of
water with you.
Take frequent baths or showers with cool or tepid water.
Instead of hot foods, try lighter summer fare
including frequent small meals or snacks containing cold fruit or low fat
dairy products. As an added benefit, you won't
have to cook next to a hot stove.
If you don't have air-conditioning, arrange to spend
at least parts of the day in a shopping mall, public library,
movie theater, or other public space that is cool. Many cities have cooling
centers that are open to the public on sweltering days.
Finally, use common sense. If the heat is
intolerable, stay indoors when you can and avoid activities in direct sunlight
or on hot asphalt surfaces. Pay special attention to the elderly, infants, and
anyone with a chronic
illness, as they may dehydrate easily and be more susceptible to
heat-related illnesses. Don't forget that pets also need protection from
dehydration and heat-related illnesses too.
Fauci, Anthony S., et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008.