Recognizing a Stroke - Three Commands for the Victim
Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stoppler, MD
Three commands sometimes used by doctors to begin assessing whether a person may be experiencing a stroke can also be useful for people who are not doctors, according to a study by University of North Carolina researchers.
Lay persons can command a potential stroke victim to:
The three commands, known as the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale (CPSS), are used by health professionals as a simple first step in the assessment process for signs of stroke. If a person has trouble with any of these simple commands, emergency services (911) should be called immediately with a description of the situation, noting that you suspect the individual is having a stroke.
A stroke results from impaired oxygen delivery to brain cells via the bloodstream. According to the U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, the five major signs of stroke are the sudden onset of:
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 12/9/2014