Back to School, Back to Sleep
Fixing your children's sleep problems may improve their grades and their behavior.
By Michael Breus
Reviewed By Stuart Meyers
The new school year is upon us. From bedtime battles to the misery of morning call, summertime sleep habits die hard. Late summer nights combined with early school start times, and the stresses of just being a kid, deprive our children of essential sleep. And sleep deprivation often wreaks havoc with health, academic performance, and behavior. It is an unrecognized epidemic.
From elementary school through high school and beyond, a great many of our children are chronically sleep-deprived. With more than two-thirds of elementary school-age children having some kind of sleep problem and most adolescents not getting enough sleep, many will struggle to meet the barrage of new challenges, demands, and emotions of a new school year.
It is not widely recognized and appreciated just how pervasive and critical quality sleep is for brain development and how it directly influences daytime functioning, performance, mood, and behavior. When was the last time your doctor asked about your child's sleep? Parents wouldn't think of letting their child skip meals or run into a busy street, but staying up late is very often of little concern. It shouldn't be.
Sleep Affects How Your Child Thinks, Feels, and Functions
More and more research studies demonstrate that daytime sleepiness from chronic sleep deprivation and poor-quality sleep has significant affects on daytime behavior as well as concentration, attention, and mood. Even 20 fewer minutes of needed sleep may significantly affect behavior in many areas. One study showed that those students with C's, D's and F's got about 25 fewer minutes op sleep and went to bed an average of 40 minutes later than A and B students. The pediatric research findings are startling and alarming:
From Elementary to High School, Sleep Problems Are Pervasive and Widespread
You may be surprised to learn how prevalent sleep problems are. In studies of elementary school-age children, nearly 40% showed some kind of sleep problem, and 10% had daytime sleepiness. Up to half of adolescents reported at least occasional difficulty falling or staying asleep, with up to 13% experiencing chronic and severe insomnia. Clearly, the sleep time most teenagers get is insufficient: the average is under 7 ½ hours, with only 15% sleeping 8 ½ hours or more on school nights and more than 25% typically sleeping 6 ½ hours or less.
Results from the National Sleep Foundation's 2004 Sleepiness in America poll may (or may not!) surprise you:
Does My Child Have a Sleep Problem? Awareness Is Key
Given the prevalence and enormous impact of sleep problems on daytime functioning, we should all regularly look at our own children to see if they are getting the sound sleep they deserve. For some it may be obvious, but for most of us it requires some education, investigation, and a keen, watchful eye. This is because few of us really know what normal, healthy sleep should be, plus there is a great deal of individual variation among children and at different ages. Sleep deprivation is also difficult to detect because sleep problems are masters of disguise, often masquerading in myriad manifestations. Consider that:
What Can I Do? Think Sleep!
With so many hidden faces of sleep deprivation, you must be aware and "think sleep." As a parent, if you do not recognize the problem, it may well go unrecognized. You will also likely implement any remedies required. Early intervention is important, given the consequences and that children do not "grow out of" sleep problems; rather, the sleep problems of childhood tend to persist into adulthood.
Talk with your child. Just taking the time to ask some of the right questions can go a long way. If there is a problem, discuss it and make a plan agreeable to all. Include detailed targeted behavior changes and rewards.
With your child in school during the day and with after-school activities and part-time jobs for many, it is critical to talk with teachers, coaches, bosses, etc. to see if your child is exhibiting any signs of sleep deprivation. This may involve you taking some time to educate the educators.
Teach your child good sleep habits, also known as "sleep hygiene." Establish sleep-healthy bedtimes, bedtime routines, habits, and diets. Identify and reduce as much daytime stress as possible. Limit TV and other "screen time" (computers, video games), especially at bedtime, and do not put a TV in your child's bedroom; children with a TV in their room tend to go to bed later and get less sleep than those without, and those kids who get less sleep are more likely to spend two or more hours watching TV.
As in everything in life, do your best to be consistent and ask for help. Do not hesitate to call your doctor or sleep specialist. It's too important not to.