Feature Archive

Addicted to Dipping

Chewing tobacco's grip on addicted users.

WebMD Feature

Feb. 21, 2000 (Minneapolis) -- On "Bill Tuttle Day" in Minnesota, former major league broadcaster Joe Garagiola stepped up to a microphone in the state capitol building in St. Paul. At his side was the honoree, who had been a Minnesota Twins outfielder in the early 1960s.

It was a bittersweet celebration. Tuttle already had lost much of his jaw and cheek to oral cancer, which his doctors had attributed to a 40-year habit of chewing tobacco. "Smokeless is not harmless," said an emotional Garagiola during the May 1998 event, pleading for a high tax on smokeless tobacco, also known as "spit" or "chew." Two months later, at age 69, Tuttle was dead.

Garagiola's National Spit Tobacco Education Program (NSTEP) has helped lower the use of smokeless tobacco from about 40% to 35% in Major League Baseball. A 1994 ban on smokeless tobacco in the minor leagues decreased use to 29%. Yet "chewing" remains a deeply entrenched part of the culture of the sport. In college baseball, where young players emulate the pros, usage is at an alarmingly high 52%, according to John Greene, D.M.D., a University of California, San Francisco, oral cancer specialist.