Feature Archive

Life of the Party

Study shows that socializing can extend your life.

WebMD Feature

What's the key to a long life? After years of working with older people, gerontologist Thomas Glass knew the answer wasn't simply good health. "There are people who seem relatively healthy who die in their 60s," says Glass, an assistant professor at the Harvard School of Public Health.

"There are others with all kinds of chronic diseases who make it into their 80s and 90s," adds Glass. "The question is why?" In findings published in the August 1999 in the British Medical Journal, he and his colleagues came up with a surprising answer.

In a study of 2,761 people 65 and older who were followed for a period of 13 years, the researchers tracked participation in 14 activities, which included everything from swimming and brisk walking to shopping, doing volunteer work, and playing cards with the gang. They found that people who spent time in social activities -- volunteering, running errands, or getting together with friends -- fared just as well as those who spent the time exercising.

"Social engagement was as strong as anything we found in determining longevity," says Glass. "It was stronger than things like blood pressure, cholesterol, or other measures of health."

People Who Need People

Dozens of findings over the past two decades have shown how important social connections can be. In another study, University of Michigan epidemiologist James House and his team interviewed and examined 2,754 adults over a period of nine to 12 years.