Feature Archive

Women, Epilepsy, and Sexuality

New knowledge, new drugs open new doors for people with seizure disorders.

By Charlene Laino
WebMD Feature

Reviewed By Brunilda Nazario

Epilepsy and the medications used to control seizures can affect a woman's sexual health. Infertility, sexual dysfunction, higher rates of birth defects, and even osteoporosis are real issues for women with seizures.

While we may know more now than in the past about women with epilepsy, many misconceptions still persist.

"Informal surveys at both the local and national levels show that women with epilepsy consistently report a lack of knowledge about the difficulties they face," says Patricia Shafer, RN, MN, past chairman of the professional advisory board of the Epilepsy Foundation, who herself suffers from the disorder. "And a survey of health-care professionals, conducted a few years ago, revealed a lack of knowledge or uncertainty about what to do in terms of pregnancy management or problems of sexuality in such cases."

Though Shafer and other experts who spoke with WebMD agree that strides have been made in understanding the unique problems facing women with epilepsy in the past few years, they point to a new dilemma: Getting the message out to general care practitioners and their patients.