As you near menopause , you may have symptoms from the changes your body is making. For some women, their menopause symptoms will go away over time without treatment. Other women will choose treatment for their symptoms. Treatments may include prescription drugs that contain types of hormones that your ovaries stop making around the time of menopause. Hormone therapy can contain estrogen alone or estrogen with progestin (for a woman who still has her uterus or womb). Estrogen therapy usually is taken by pill, skin patch, as a cream or gel, or with an intrauterine device (IUD) or vaginal ring. How estrogen is taken can depend on its purpose. For instance, a vaginal ring or cream can ease vaginal dryness, leakage of urine, or vaginal or urinary infections, but does not relieve hot flashes. If you want to prevent bone loss, you also should talk with your doctor about medicines other than hormone therapy that can help your bones.
Benefits and Risks of Hormone Therapy