Sleep Disorders: Drug- and Alcohol-Related Sleep Disorders
Sleep disturbances have been associated with drug use, drug abuse, and
withdrawal from drug abuse. Sleep disturbances also have been linked to the use
of alcohol and to chronic alcoholism.
Drugs and Sleep
Many prescription and nonprescription medications can cause
sleep problems. The severity of sleep problems caused by a medication will vary
from person to person.
Prescription drugs that may cause sleep problems include:
- High blood pressure medications
- Hormones such as oral contraceptives
- Respiratory medications
- Diet pills
- Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder medications
- Some antidepressants
nonprescription medicines can cause sleep problems:
- Pseudoephedrine, including the brand Sudafed
- Medications with caffeine. These include the brands
Anacin, Excedrin, and No-Doz as well as cough and cold medications.
- Illegal drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines, and
- Nicotine, which can disrupt sleep and reduce total sleep time. Smokers report
more daytime sleepiness and minor accidents than do nonsmokers, especially in
younger age groups.