The Cleveland Clinic

Options in Mammoplasty
(Breast Cosmetic Surgery)

There are three general categories of mammoplasty (cosmetic surgery) performed on the breasts: augmentation , reduction and reconstruction.

Breast Augmentation (Augmentation Mammoplasty)

Breast augmentation is performed to enhance the appearance, size and contour of a woman's breasts. Women consider breast augmentation for many different reasons. Some women feel their breasts are too small. Some desire augmentation after the breasts change after pregnancy. Others desire to correct an asymmetry in breast size.

Breast augmentation is performed with implants (see below) that can be placed under a chest muscle or over a chest muscle. The incision can be placed in the axilla (armpit), areola or lower breast fold. In general, all breast augmentations are minimally invasive procedures, involving incisions that are only three centimeters in length. For augmentations in which the incision is made in the armpit, an endoscope (thin tube with a small camera and light) may be used during the procedure.