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Easing Children's Fears
of the Dentist
Parents play an important role in "setting the stage" for making the first
dental office visit a positive experience. Any anxiety displayed by parents will
be "picked up" by the child.
To help the dental visit go more smoothly:
- Tell your child about the visits but limit the amount
of details given. Answer any questions with simple, to-the-point answers. Let
the dentist or pediatric dentist answer more complex or detailed questions.
Dentists are trained to describe things to children in a non-threatening way
and in easy-to-understand language.
- Don't tell your child that something will hurt or be
- Don't tell your child about an unpleasant dental
experience that you've had.
- Stress to your child how important
it is to maintain healthy teeth and gums and that the dentist is a friendly
doctor whose job it is to help do this.
- Don't promise a reward for going to the dentist.
Keep in mind that it is perfectly normal for children to be fearful - some
are afraid of being separated from their parents, others are afraid of the
unknown, others are afraid of being injured. A dentist who treats children will
know how to cope with your child's fears and anxiety and put them at ease.
How Can My Dentist Calm My Anxious Child?
Children's fears can be expressed in a number of ways. Some children may cry,
others may throw temper tantrums. Dentists use many techniques to ease
children's fears, including the following behavior management techniques:
- Voice control. The
dentist uses a friendly voice, which could become firmer if necessary.
- Simple instructions. The
dentist will use simple words (tell, show, do) to explain a procedure and may
demonstrate the procedure on a doll or another person before performing the
procedure on the child.
- Positive reinforcement.
The dentist will use praise and compliments to reward for good behavior.
- Distraction. The dentist
will tell stories or engage the child in conversation to draw the child's
attention away from the work being completed.
- Nonverbal communication.
The dentist uses body language, such as a simple smile or frown, to reinforce
positive behavior and discourage negative behavior.
- Sedation. The dentist may
use sedation to help the child relax and be more comfortable, if necessary.
The two most common types of sedation that might be used in children are
nitrous oxide ("laughing gas") or an oral
sedative (such as Valium).
Reviewed by the doctors at The Cleveland Clinic Department of
Last Editorial Review: 1/31/2005 6:18:35 AM
Edited by Michael W. Smith, MD, April 2003, WebMD.
Portions of this page © The Cleveland Clinic 2000-2003