ADHD: Your Guide to Childhood ADHD (cont.)

What is the outlook for children and adults with ADHD?

It is very important for children and adults with symptoms of ADHD to seek professional care. Without treatment, ADHD can interfere with a child's performance in school as well as the child's ability to make and keep friends. This can have a negative impact on the child's self-esteem.

In addition, children with ADHD are at risk for developing conduct disorder, depression, or an anxiety disorder. They are also more likely to have a learning disorder. Teens with ADHD are at greater risk for car accidents, pregnancy, and tobacco and alcohol use. Adults with ADHD have difficulty with time management, employment, and relationships.

But, when treated, most people with ADHD -- between 70% and 80% -- experience at least some relief of symptoms. Many of the symptoms of ADHD diminish by early adulthood. However, up to 50% of people with ADHD as children continue to have problems as adults.

Is there a way to prevent ADHD?

ADHD cannot be prevented or cured. However, early identification and diagnosis, as well as a carefully designed treatment and education plan, can help a child or adult with ADHD adjust to the disorder. Many people with ADHD learn to focus their attention, develop their personal strengths, minimize disruptive behavior, and become productive and successful.

WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Academy of Family Physicians: "ADHD: What Parents Should Know."

Attention Deficit Disorder Resources: "Behavioral Treatment for ADHD."

CHADD: "Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder."

National Resource Center on ADHD: "Symptoms and Diagnostic Criteria."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder."

Reviewed by Patricia Quinn, MD on July 07, 2012

© 2012 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.


Last Editorial Review: 7/7/2012



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