Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob (CJD)

Dementia Quiz
Our Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Main Article provides a comprehensive look at the who, what, when and how of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Medical Definition of Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob (CJD)

Disease, Creutzfeldt-Jakob (CJD): A dementing disease of the brain. It is believed due to an unconventional (not a bacteria or virus), transmissible agent called a prion. Symptoms of CJD include forgetfulness, nervousness, jerky trembling hand movements, unsteady gait, muscle spasms, chronic dementia, balance disorder, and loss of facial expression. CJD is classified as a spongiform encephalopathy. Most cases occur randomly (sporadically), but inherited forms exist. There is neither treatment nor cure for CJD. Other names for CJD include Creutzfeldt-Jakob syndrome, Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease, and spastic pseudoparalysis.


Quick GuideDementia, Alzheimer's Disease, and Aging Brains

Dementia, Alzheimer's Disease, and Aging Brains

Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

Reviewed on 12/29/2016

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors