Breastfeeding: Lifestyle and Breast Milk (cont.)
Sometimes a baby can be born with a condition called primary lactase deficiency or with galactosemia, in which they can't tolerate breast milk. This is because their bodies can't break down lactose, a sugar found in the milk of humans and animals. Symptoms include diarrhea and vomiting. Babies with severe galactosemia may have liver problems, malnutrition, or mental retardation. Babies with these conditions must be fed formula that comes from plants, such as soy milk or a special galactose-free formula.
Smoking, Drugs and AlcoholSmoking
Nursing mothers should not smoke or take drugs. Tobacco from cigarettes contains a drug called nicotine, which transfers to breast milk and may even affect the amount of milk you produce. The risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) becomes greater when a mother smokes or when the baby is around second-hand (or passive) smoke. Smoking and passive smoke may also increase respiratory and ear infections in babies. If you smoke and are breastfeeding, talk to your health care provider about what you can do to quit smoking. If you can't quit, breastfeeding still is best because the benefits of breast milk still outweigh the risks from nicotine.
In general, when breastfeeding it is safe to take:
You can go to the American Academy of Pediatrics web site, http://www.aap.org, for a more detailed list of drugs and their effect on breast milk.
Medications that are not safe to take when breastfeeding:
There are drugs that if new mothers have to take them, they need to choose between taking them or breastfeeding. Some of these drugs that should never be taken while breastfeeding include:
Drugs whose effects on nursing infants is not known but may be cause for concern include:
Antidepressant drugs - Amitriptyline, Amoxapine, Bupropion, Clomipramine, Desipramine, Dothiepin, Doxepin, Fluoxetine, Fluvoxamine, Imipramine, Nortriptyline, Paroxetine, Sertraline, Trazodone.
The above information is in part, information provided by the National National Women's Health Center (www.4women.gov)
Last Editorial Review: 1/13/2004
- Allergic Skin Disorders
- Bacterial Skin Diseases
- Bites and Infestations
- Diseases of Pigment
- Fungal Skin Diseases
- Medical Anatomy and Illustrations
- Noncancerous, Precancerous & Cancerous Tumors
- Oral Health Conditions
- Papules, Scales, Plaques and Eruptions
- Scalp, Hair and Nails
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
- Vascular, Lymphatic and Systemic Conditions
- Viral Skin Diseases
- Additional Skin Conditions