First Aid Disaster Kit For Your Family (cont.)
- Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever
- Anti-diarrhea medication
- Antacid (for stomach upset)
- Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)
- Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)
Contact your local American Red Cross chapter to obtain a basic first
Tools & Supplies
There are six basics you should stock in your home: water, food, first
aid supplies, clothing and bedding, tools and emergency supplies and
special items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during an
evacuation in an easy-to-carry container, suggested items are marked with
an asterisk(*). Possible containers include a large, covered trash
container; a camping backpack; or a duffle bag.
- Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils*
- Emergency preparedness manual*
- Battery-operated radio and extra batteries*
- Flashlight and extra batteries*
- Cash or traveler's checks, change*
- Nonelectric can opener, utility knife*
- Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type
- Tube tent
- Matches in a waterproof container
- Aluminum foil
- Plastic storage containers
- Signal flare
- Paper, pencil
- Needles, thread
- Medicine dropper
- Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water
- Plastic sheeting
- Map of the area (for locating shelters)
- Toilet paper, towelettes*
- Soap, liquid detergent*
- Feminine supplies*
- Personal hygiene items*
- Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses)
- Plastic bucket with tight lid
- Household chlorine bleach
Clothing and Bedding
* Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per
- Sturdy shoes or work boots*
- Hat and gloves
- Rain gear*
- Thermal underwear
- Blankets or sleeping bags*
Remember family members with special needs, such as infants and elderly
or disabled persons.
- Powdered milk
- Heart and high blood pressure medication
- Prescription drugs
- Denture needs
- Contact lenses and supplies
- Extra eye glasses
- Entertainment: games and books.
Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container:
- Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds
- Passports, social security cards, immunization records
- Bank account numbers
- Credit card account numbers and companies
- Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers
- Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)
Suggestions and Reminders
- Store your kit in a convenient place known to all family members.
Keep a smaller version of the Disaster Supplies Kit in the trunk of your
- Keep items in air-tight plastic bags.
- Change your stored water supply every six months so it stays fresh.
- Rotate your stored food every six months.
- Re-think your kit and family needs at least once a year. Replace
batteries, update clothes, etc.
- Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription
Create a Family Disaster Plan
To get started...
- Contact your local emergency management or civil defense office and
your local American Red Cross chapter. Find out which disasters are most
likely to happen in your community. Ask how you would be warned. Find
out how to prepare for each.
Meet with your family:
- Discuss the types of disasters that could occur. Explain how to
prepare and respond. Discuss what to do if advised to evacuate. Practice
what you have discussed.
- Plan how your family will stay in contact if separated by disaster.
Pick two meeting places: 1) a location a safe distance from your home in
case of fire. 2) a place outside your neighborhood in case you can't
return home. Choose an out-of-state friend as a "check-in contact"
for everyone to call.
Complete these steps:
- Post emergency telephone numbers by every phone.
- Show responsible family members how and when to shut off water, gas
and electricity at main switches.
- Install a smoke detector on each level of your home, especially near
bedrooms; test monthly and change the batteries two times each year.
- Contact your local fire department to learn about home fire hazards.
- Learn first aid and CPR. Contact your local American Red Cross
chapter for information and training.