First Aid Disaster Kit For Your Family
The information below is modified from that furnished by the Federal
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the United States government.
Why a Family Disaster Supplies Kit?
After a disaster, local officials and relief workers will be on the
scene, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in
hours, or it may take days. Would your family be prepared to cope with the
emergency until help arrives?
Your family will cope best by preparing for disaster before it strikes.
One way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster Supplies Kit. Once disaster
hits, you won't have time to shop or search for supplies. But if you've
gathered supplies in advance, your family can endure an evacuation or home
Obviously, the types of disaster emergencies and conditions you and/or
your family might encounter vary depending on your geographic location.
Please consult your personal physician for further recommendations.
How do I prepare my kit?
Review the checklists in this document. Gather the supplies that are
listed. You may need them if your family is confined at home.
Place the supplies you'd most likely need for an evacuation in an easy-
to-carry container. These supplies are listed with an asterisk (*).
Remember, disasters happen anytime and anywhere. And when disaster
strikes, you may not have much time to respond.
A highway spill of hazardous material could mean instant evacuation.
A winter storm could confine your family at home. An earthquake, flood,
tornado or any other disaster could cut off basic services: gas, water,
electricity and telephones (for days).
Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles. Avoid
using containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or
glass bottles. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts
of water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can
double that amount. Children, nursing mothers and ill people will need
Store one gallon of water per person per day (two quarts for drinking,
two quarts for food preparation/sanitation)*
Keep at least a three-day supply of water for each person in your
Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods
that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking and little or no
water. If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food items that
are compact and lightweight. *Include a selection of the following foods
in your Disaster Supplies Kit:
- Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables
- Canned juices, milk, soup (if powdered, store extra water)
- Staples: sugar, salt, pepper
- High energy foods: peanut butter, jelly, crackers, granola bars, trail mix
- Foods for infants, elderly persons or persons on special diets
- Comfort/stress foods: cookies, hard candy, sweetened cereals,
lollipops, instant coffee, tea bags
First Aid Kit
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. A first aid
kit* should include:
- Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
- 2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
- 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
- Hypoallergenic adhesive tape
- Triangular bandages (3)
- 2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
- 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
- Moistened towelettes
- Tongue blades (2)
- Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
- Assorted sizes of safety pins
- Cleansing agent/soap
- Latex gloves (2 pair)