Helping Your Child or Teen Cope with Trauma (cont.)
Some youngsters are more vulnerable to trauma than others, for reasons scientists don't fully understand. It has been shown that the impact of a traumatic event is likely to be greatest in the child or adolescent who previously has been the victim of child abuse or some other form of trauma, or who already had a mental health problem. And the youngster who lacks family support is more at risk for a poor recovery.
Most children and adolescents, if given support, will recover almost completely from the fear and anxiety caused by a traumatic experience within a few weeks. However, some children and adolescents will need more help perhaps over a longer period of time in order to heal. Grief over the loss of a loved one, teacher, friend, or pet may take months to resolve, and may be reawakened by reminders such as media reports or the anniversary of the death.
In the immediate aftermath of a traumatic event, and in the weeks following,
it is important to identify the children and teenagers who are in need of more intensive
support and therapy because of profound grief or some other extreme emotion.
Children and adolescents who may require the help of a mental health
professional include those who show avoidance behavior, such as resisting
or refusing to go places that remind them of the place where the traumatic event
occurred, and emotional numbing, a diminished emotional response or lack
of feeling toward the event. Those who have more common reactions including
re-experiencing the trauma, or reliving it in the form of nightmares and
disturbing recollections during the day, and hyperarousal, including
sleep disturbances and a tendency to be easily startled, may respond well to
supportive reassurance from parents.
Portions of the above information have been provided with the kind permission of the National Institute of Mental Health. (www.nimh.nih.gov)
Last Editorial Review: 9/4/2002