Women, Test Your Health IQ (cont.)

3. Pregnant women with diabetes are at greater risk for...? - All of the above. Although expectant mothers with diabetes can and do have normal, healthy pregnancies and deliveries, they are at greater risk for complications. Diabetes is a serious and complex disease. Diabetes can cause heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, leg and foot amputations, pregnancy complications, and deaths related to flu and pneumonia. Many Americans are unaware that they have diabetes. Better nutrition, physical activity, control of blood glucose levels, and routine/regular visits to a doctor can delay the progression of diabetes. For more information, visit the Diabetes Center.

4. How many servings of fruits and vegetables are recommended to eat every day? - Five. The Centers for Disease Control recommends Americans eat five or more fruits and vegetables everyday. Eating fruits and vegetables can improve your health and may reduce the risk of cancer and other chronic diseases. For more information, visit the MedicineNet.com Nutrition Center.

5.Women have higher hospitalization and death rates due to asthma than men - True. The hospitalization rate for asthma peaked in the mid-1980s and has gradually declined since then. Regional differences persist, as do higher rates among blacks, women, and children. The number of deaths and death rates from asthma increased gradually during 1980-1995. Although a determination with certainty can not be made, data for 1996-1998 indicate that mortality rates are starting to plateau or decrease. The data from 1999 cannot be directly compared with the data from previous years because of the change in the classification system. Disparities persist with higher mortality rates documented among blacks, women, and the elderly, along with regional differences. Asthma can be a lifelong condition for which there is no cure. However, asthma can be controlled by taking medication and by avoiding contact with environmental "triggers" such as cockroaches, dust mites, furry pets, mold, tobacco smoke, and certain chemicals. For more, please visit the Asthma Center.

6.Breast cancer causes more deaths than lung cancer in women - False. In 1987, lung cancer surpassed breast cancer to become the leading cause of cancer death among U.S. women. Cigarette smoking is the major cause of lung cancer among women. About 90 percent of all lung cancer deaths among U.S. women smokers are due to smoking. For more information, visit the Lung Center.

7. Women do not need to take folic acid until after they find out they are pregnant - False. It is important for any woman who could possibly become pregnant to take 400 micrograms of folic acid every day. Folic acid, also known as folate, is a B-vitamin needed for a baby's development and growth. It has been shown to reduce the risk for some serious birth defects of the brain and spine by up to 70 percent. Folic acid is needed in the first 28 days of pregnancy- before most women even realize they're pregnant. Folic acid can be found in vitamin pills (like multi-vitamins and prenatal vitamins) and in some enriched grain foods (check the labels). Folic acid cannot prevent all birth defects, but it is important in the earliest days of pregnancy. Take folic acid now, so your body is ready when you are. For more, please visit our Pregnancy Planning Center.

8. Women have a lower risk than men for having hip fractures - False. In the United States, one of every three adults 65 years old or older falls each year. Falls are the leading cause of injury deaths among people 65 years and older. Women sustain about 75 percent to 80 percent of all hip fractures. Half of all older adults hospitalized for hip fractures cannot return home or live independently after their injuries. To reduce the chance of falls: maintain a regular exercise program (exercise improves strength, balance, and coordination); make your home safer; ask your health care provider to review medications to reduce side effects and interactions; and have your vision checked (poor vision can increase the risk of falling). For more information, please visit the Senior Health Center.

9. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is defined as the act of committing physical violence against a spouse - False. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is actual or threatened physical or sexual violence, or psychological/emotional abuse. Some of the common terms used to describe intimate partner violence are domestic abuse, spouse abuse, domestic violence, courtship violence, battering, marital rape, and date rape. Intimate partners include current or former spouses, current or former boyfriends/girlfriends, or dates. More women than men experience intimate partner violence. In a national survey, 25 percent of female participants reported being raped or physically assaulted by an intimate partner at some time in their lives. In contrast, only eight percent of male participants reported such an experience. For more, please read our article, Domestic Violence Goes Unnoticed.

10. The leading cause of workplace injury for women is musculoskeletal injuries - True. Sprains and strains, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendinitis, and other musculoskeletal disorders account for more than half (52 percent) of the injuries and illnesses affecting female workers, as compared to 45 percent affecting male workers. Properly adjusting office chairs and work stations, taking breaks, and reducing the forcefulness or frequency of hand/wrist movements can decrease the risk for these types of work-related injuries. For more, please visit the First Aid Center.

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