High Blood Pressure, Explained!
measurement that the doctor takes at the office to determine our
Blood Pressure (BP) is due to the recurrent pumping of blood by
the heart which creates a cyclic force of blood against the blood
vessels. Normally the vessels are flexible enough to expand and
contract; this expansion and contraction of the vessels produces
the Blood Pressure. This value in the normal adult is about
120/80. Last Editorial Review: 6/27/2002
Sometimes, blood vessels become less flexible or narrowed; when
this happens the heart has to pump harder to get the blood to go
through the vessels. The end result is an increase in pressure in
the vessels-High Blood Pressure. Stress or heavy exercise can
cause a temporary increase in BP.
Continuously elevated BP leads to damage of many organs,
especially the heart, kidneys and brain. Early treatment has been
shown to reduce the complications of High Blood Pressure.
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