Asthma in Women, Asthma in Pregnancy (cont.)
In 1995, 52.6 women per 1000 population had asthma, compared to 52.6 in men (2). Females also have a greater use of emergency rooms for asthma, 82.3 vs. 57.8 per 10,000 in men vs. women in 1995 (2). These gender differences appear to be growing, not lessening.
Preliminary work suggests that woman may access outpatient care for asthma more frequently than do men, and that women in the emergency room for asthma may have a bigger chance of being admitted to the hospital compared to men. Also, of asthma patients admitted to the intensive care unit, females may have worse asthma (more severe disease) than do males. The reasons for these gender differences in asthma are not yet known. Since it has been reported that women use "rescue medications" (see treatment section below for description) more frequently than men do, the women may either have more severe asthma, may not be prescribed the daily maintenance medications as often as are men or may not be taking their controller medication.
Prognosis: How is Asthma Different in Pregnancy?
Prevention of Asthma and Asthma Attacks
In terms of asthma in children, research is growing daily that strongly suggest that if we abolished exposure of children to cigarette smoking we could actually prevent some cases of asthma. Exposure to cigarette smoke is a risk factor for asthma. Pregnant asthmatics should avoid not only smoking but also exposure to side-stream tobacco smoke.