Cocaine and Crack Abuse (cont.)
In this Article
What Treatment Options Exist?
Currently, there are no medications for treating cocaine addiction, so this remains one of NIDA's top research priorities. Researchers are looking for medications that help alleviate the severe craving experienced by people in treatment for cocaine addiction, as well as medications to counteract other triggers of relapse, such as stress. Several compounds are currently being investigated for their safety and efficacy, including a vaccine that would sequester cocaine in the bloodstream and prevent it from reaching the brain. Research so far suggests that addiction medications are most effective when used as a part of a comprehensive treatment program.
How Widespread is Cocaine Abuse?
Monitoring the Future Survey*
the 2007 Monitoring the Future
National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)***
According to the 2006
National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 35.3 million Americans aged 12 and older
reported having used cocaine, and 8.5 million reported having used crack. An
estimated 2.4 million Americans were current (past-month) users of cocaine;
702,000 were current users of crack. There were an estimated 977,000 new users
of cocaine in