DOCTOR'S VIEW ARCHIVE
Plavix Treatment Associated with TTP
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a serious, potentially fatal condition in which blood clots form in the arteries. The clots block the flow of blood to the organs, especially the brain and kidneys, and damage them. In addition, destruction of red blood cells and platelets within the arteries causes anemia and bleeding. TTP is a very rare condition, occurring in only four out of every million individuals; however, it may occur with increased frequency with pregnancy, AIDS, cancer, vaccinations and treatment with drugs such as cyclosporine (Sandimmune), oral contraceptives, ticlopidine (Ticlid) and some drugs used for treating cancer. A new association of TTP and the drug Plavix (clopidogrel) will be reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, but because of the potential importance to patients of this association, the Journal has posted the study's results on its web site prior to publication.
Clopidogrel was approved in 1997 for the prevention of blood clots that cause heart attacks and strokes.
Clopidogrel also is widely used in patients who have received artificial stents
in their arteries in order to prevent blood clots within the stents. It works by
interfering with the activity of platelets which are crucial to the formation of
blood clots. Clopidogrel is similar to another drug, ticlopidine (Ticlid) that
previously has been associated with TTP. Clopidogrel has mostly replaced
ticlopidine because no blood problems (including TTP) were seen with clopidogrel
in studies prior to marketing. Nevertheless, since approval of clopidogrel,
twelve cases of TTP with one death have been reported from approximately three
million individuals treated world-wide with clopidogrel. Thus, the incidence of TTP associated with clopidogrel is estimated to be 1 case in every 250,000 treated patients. In contrast, the occurrence with ticlopidine is much higher, 1 case in every 1,600-5,000 treated patients. If TTP occurs, it usually does so during the first few weeks of treatment.