10 Persistent Myths About Smoking (cont.)

Some smokers think that quitting abruptly is the best approach and that willpower is the only effective tool for curbing tobacco cravings. They're partly right: Commitment is essential. But smokers are more likely to succeed at quitting if they take advantage of counseling and smoking cessation medications, including nicotine (gum, patches, lozenges, inhaler, or nasal spray) and the prescription drugs Zyban (buproprion) and Chantix (varenicline), Malarcher says.

Counseling increases the odds of success by 60%, and taking medication doubles the odds, Malarcher says.

Myth: Nicotine products are just as unhealthful as smoking.

Nicotine is safe when used as directed. Even using nicotine every day for years would be safer than smoking, Fiore says. After all, nicotine products deliver only nicotine. Cigarettes deliver nicotine along with 4,000 other compounds, including more than 60 known carcinogens, according to the American Lung Association. Nicotine replacement therapy versus smoking? "It's a no-brainer," Fiore says.

Myth: Cutting back on smoking is good enough.

"Cutting down on the number of cigarettes is not an effective strategy," Malarcher says. "Smokers who cut back draw more deeply and smoke more of each cigarette." So even though they smoke fewer cigarettes, they get the same dose of toxic smoke. "The data suggest that the only [smoking cessation strategy] that works consistently is getting to the point of not even a single puff," Fiore says.

Myth: I'm the only one who is hurt by my smoking.

Tobacco smoke also harms the people around you. In the U.S., secondhand smoke causes about 50,000 deaths deaths a year, the American Lung Association estimates. It's been estimated that a waiter or waitress who works a single eight-hour shift in a smoky bar inhales as much toxic smoke as a pack-a-day smoker, Fiore says.

Myth: I tried quitting once and failed, so it's no use trying again.

Most smokers try several times before quitting for good. So if you've failed previously, don't let that deter you from trying again.

"Each time people quit, they learn things that could be useful for their next attempt at quitting," Malarcher says. Edelman says, "We like to say the first time you try to quit is practice, the second time is practice, and the third or fourth time, you get it right. You have to keep trying."

SOURCES:
Ann M. Malarcher, PhD, senior scientific advisor, Office on Smoking and Health, CDC.
Michael C. Fiore, MD, professor of medicine and director, Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, University of Wisconsin, Madison.
Norman H. Edelman, MD, chief medical officer, American Lung Association.
American Lung Association.
American Cancer Society.
American Heart Association.
Reviewed on January 05, 2010
© 2010 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.


Last Editorial Review: 1/25/2010



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