Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) (cont.)

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Research

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) funds laboratory research and clinical trials to address the problem of antimicrobial resistance. NIAID-funded research aims to develop better diagnostics, treatments, and new vaccines that are effective against emerging infectious agents, such as VRE.

NIAID grantees are studying the problem of antibiotic resistance among common bacteria responsible for VRE infections. These projects include:

  • Efforts to develop new vancomycin-based therapeutics to combat VRE and possibly other bacterial infections


  • Studying the spread of E. faecalis to determine how the bacterium shares and acquires genes that alter its characteristics Similar studies funded by other components of the National Institutes of Health are under way at various U.S. medical institutions.

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Frequently Asked Questions

How can I prevent the spread of VRE?

If you or someone in your home has VRE, here are some helpful measures that can help prevent its spread:

  • Always wash your hands thoroughly after using the bathroom and before preparing food. Clean your hands after close contact with persons who have VRE. Wash with soap and water (particularly when visibly soiled), or clean with alcohol-based hand cleaner.


  • Frequently clean areas of your home, such as the bathroom, which may become contaminated with VRE. Use a household disinfectant or a mixture of one-fourth cup bleach and one quart of water to clean areas and surfaces that are touched frequently.


  • Wear gloves if you come in contact with body fluids that may contain VRE, such as stool. Always wash your hands after removing gloves.


  • Be sure to tell any healthcare providers that you have VRE, so that they are aware of your infection.