Bladder Cancer (cont.)

Taking Part in Cancer Research

Doctors all over the world are conducting many types of clinical trials (research studies in which people volunteer to take part). Clinical trials are designed to find out whether new treatments are safe and effective.

Even if the people in a trial do not benefit directly, they may still make an important contribution by helping doctors learn more about bladder cancer and how to control it. Although clinical trials may pose some risks, doctors do all they can to protect their patients.

Doctors are studying new drugs and drug combinations. If you're interested in being part of a clinical trial, talk with your doctor.

NCI's Web site includes a section on clinical trials at It has general information about clinical trials as well as detailed information about specific ongoing studies of bladder cancer. NCI's Cancer Information Service at 1–800–4–CANCER (1–800–422–6237) and at LiveHelp at can answer questions and provide information about clinical trials.

Bladder Cancer At A Glance
  • While the exact cause(s) of bladder cancer is not known, risk factors have been identified.
  • The most common warning sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine.
  • The diagnosis of bladder cancer is supported by findings of the medical history and examination, blood, urine, and x-ray tests, and confirmed with a biopsy (usually during a cystoscope exam).
  • Treatment of bladder cancer depends on the growth, size, and location of the tumor as well as the age and health of the patient.

SOURCE: U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute (

Last Editorial Review: 8/30/2010 6:38:27 PM

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