Heart Disease & Stroke - Progress Through Research

Gene therapy designed to grow new blood vessels in the heart muscle led the list of the top 10 research advances in heart disease and stroke compiled by the American Heart Association. The list, first created in 1996, recognizes achievements in basic and clinical research that may have the most impact on the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

The most recent edition of the list is as follows:

  1. Gene therapy to create a "natural" bypass around blockage
  2. New drugs to prevent clots causing heart attacks and strokes
  3. Relationship between inflammation and heart attacks
  4. Detection of unstable plaques in vessels by imaging technology
  5. Heart cells recover thanks to left ventricular assist device
  6. Tobacco's effects from fewer than 10 cigarettes a day
  7. Impact of diet and exercise on blood cholesterol levels
  8. Education of people with heart symptoms to go to the emergency room
  9. Epidemic of cardiovascular disease and stroke
  10. Nobel Prize for discovery of nitric oxide (which relaxes blood vessels).