Parents, Get Your Bed Back (cont.)

When the twins were 3, Karen and Richard Higdon had snuggled up under the covers with them to make bedtime less frightening: one girl in the nursery, one in the parents' room. A year later, the Higdons felt trapped by their routine, so they redesigned the nursery with hopes that an inviting new sleep venue would give Kaylee and Gracie confidence to sleep by themselves.

"At first, we felt like [bedtime] was our 'alone' time with the girls, but they were starting to get too dependent," says Karen Higdon. "We needed to wean them off of us."

Changing Habits

There are two reasons for co-sleeping," says NSF spokeswoman Jodi Mindell, PhD, author of Sleeping Through the Night. "One is a family lifestyle decision; it's important to the parents. Reason two is reactive cosleeping; you don't really want them there, but it's easier than having to solve a problem at 2 a.m. No matter which you do, at some point, you'll want to make a change."

Switching a nighttime routine can be difficult because biology isn't on your side. "There's nothing wrong with parents or children if they can't get their kids to sleep all night," says child sleep expert James McKenna, PhD, professor of anthropology at the University of Notre Dame. "Sleep is a flexible behavior. People needed to be able to wake up back when we had predators and nighttime was dangerous. And children who wake seek out their parents."

At the Higdon household, after three nights of a new bedtime routine -- involving nightlights, bedtime stories, music, and talking about the bedroom as a safe place filled with love -- Kaylee and Gracie were falling asleep in their own beds and sleeping in their own room all night. "Gracie told me I was right," Karen Higdon says. "There are no monsters in the room, and she loves sleeping there."

Here's how to transition your child to sleep in his own bed all night:

Start Early

It's easier to train a toddler to sleep in his room when he's in a crib, since he won't be able to get out of bed and look for you. "If a child in a bed thinks he can visit you at bedtime, it can turn into a game, and that's usually when problems occur," says child sleep consultant Dana Obleman, author of The Sleep Sense Program.

Use Positive Language

Be encouraging and you can make your child eager to make the switch. "Say, 'Guess what? You're three! Three-year-olds get to sleep in their beds all night! Isn't this great?" Mindell says. "It's a positive spin, like 'You get to wear underwear!' instead of 'You shouldn't be wearing diapers.'"

Reconfigure Bedtime

If your child can't fall asleep without your presence, slowly withdraw yourself from the equation, Obleman says. Instead of lying in your bed together, sit on your child's bed until she falls asleep. After a few days, switch to a chair, then gradually move the chair closer to her doorway and into the hallway.

Take Small Steps