Nutritional Needs of Infants

Recommended Dietary Allowances*

Nutrient Birth to 6 Months 6 to 12 Months
Protein (grams/kilogram) of baby's weight 13 g 14 g
Vitamins
Vitamin A [micrograms (ug)] 375 375
Vitamin D (ug) 7.5 10
Vitamin E [milligrams (mg)] 3 4
Vitamin K (ug) 5 10
Vitamin C (mg) 30 35
Thiamine (mg) 0.3 0.4
Riboflavin (mg) 0.4 .05
Niacin (mg) 5 6
Vitamin B-6 (mg) 0.3 0.6
Folacin (ug) 0.3 0.5
Vitamin G-12 (ug) 0.3 0.5
Minerals
Calcium (mg) 400 600
Phosphorus (mg) 300 500
Magnesium (mg) 40 60
Iron (mg) 6 10
Zinc (mg) 5 5
Iodine (ug) 40 50
Selenium (ug) 10 15

Babies under 1 year get most of their vitamins and minerals from formula or milk. When solid foods are introduced they are to supplement, not replace, milk or formula. Only gradually should solid foods become major sources of nutrients.

Source: Food and Nutrition Board, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council (www.cfsan.fda.gov)


Last Editorial Review: 6/18/2003