Table of Contents
- Scoliosis facts
- What is scoliosis?
- What causes scoliosis?
- What are the causes of other types of scoliosis?
- What are risk factors for scoliosis?
- What are scoliosis symptoms and signs?
- What tests to health-care professionals use to diagnose scoliosis?
- What types of specialists treat scoliosis?
- What is the treatment for scoliosis?
- What is the treatment for scoliosis? (Continued)
- What is the prognosis for scoliosis?
- Is there a cure for scoliosis? Is it possible to prevent scoliosis?
- Where can people get more information on scoliosis?
What are scoliosis symptoms and signs?
The most common symptom of scoliosis is an abnormal curve of the spine. Often this is a mild change and may be first noticed by a friend or family member. The change in the curve of the spine typically occurs very slowly so it is easy to miss until it becomes a more severe physical deformity. It can also be found on a routine school screening examination for scoliosis. Those affected may notice that their clothes do not fit as they did previously, they may notice an uneven waist, or that pant legs are longer on one side than the other.
Scoliosis may cause the head to appear off center, leaning to one side or notice one hip or shoulder to be higher than the opposite side. Someone may have a more obvious curve on one side of the rib cage on their back from twisting of the vertebrae and ribs. If the scoliosis is more severe, it can make it more difficult for the heart and lungs to work properly. This can cause shortness of breath and chest pain.
In most cases, scoliosis is not painful, but there are certain types of scoliosis than can cause back pain, rib pain, neck pain, muscle spasms, and abdominal pain. Additionally, there are other causes of these nonspecific pains, which a doctor will want to look for as well to rule out other diseases.
Fu, K.M., J.S. Smith, D.W. Polly, C.P. Ames, et al; Scoliosis Research Society Morbidity and Mortality Committee. "Morbidity and Mortality Associated With Spinal Surgery in Children: A Review of the Scoliosis Research Society Morbidity and Mortality Database." J Neurosurg Pediatr 7.1 Jan. 2011: 37-41.
Mehlman, Charles T. "Idiopathic Scoliosis." Medscape.com. Dec. 18, 2014. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1265794-overview>.
Negrini, S., S. Minozzi, J. Bettany-Saltikov, F. Zaina F, et al. "Braces for Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescents." Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35.13 June 1, 2010: 1285-1293.
Phan, P., N. Mezghani, C.E. Aubin, J.A. De Guise, and H. Labelle. "Computer Algorithms and Applications Used to Assist the Evaluation and Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Review of Published Articles 2000-2009." Eur Spine J. Jan 30, 2011.
1."Surgical result after ventral fusion of scoliosis" by Weiss HR, Goodall D - Weiss HR, Goodall D. Scoliosis. 2008 Aug 5;3:9. PMID: 1868195 doi:10.1186/1748-7161-3-9
3."Amanda-Scoliosis" by University of Utah Hospital - Radiology Department - X-Ray Image.
8."Scoliosis patient in cheneau brace correcting from 56 to 27 deg" by Weiss HR - Weiss HR. Scoliosis 2007, 2:19. PMID: 18163917. doi:10.1186/1748-7161-2-19
9."Amanda-Scoliosis" by University of Utah Hospital - Radiology Department - X-Ray Image.
11."Amanda-Scoliosis" by University of Utah Hospital - Radiology Department - X-Ray Image.