- Eye Diseases and Conditions Slideshow Pictures
- Pink Eye Slideshow Pictures
- Eyes and Eye Conditions Quiz
- Patient Comments: Scleritis - Symptoms
- Patient Comments: Scleritis - Risk Factors
- Patient Comments: Scleritis - Treatment
- Find a local Doctor in your town
- Scleritis facts
- What is scleritis?
- What is the sclera?
- What causes scleritis?
- What are risk factors for scleritis?
- What are symptoms of scleritis?
- What are signs of scleritis?
- How is scleritis diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for scleritis?
- What are the complications of scleritis?
- What is the prognosis for scleritis?
- Can scleritis be prevented?
- What research is being done on scleritis?
What are risk factors for scleritis?
The peak incidence of scleritis is in people aged 40-50 years old. Women are more commonly affected than men. The presence of known autoimmune or connective tissue disease markedly increases the risk of scleritis.
What are symptoms of scleritis?
Pain is nearly always present and typically is severe and accompanied by tenderness of the eye to touch. The pain may be boring, lancinating, and often awakens the patient from sleep. The extreme pain of scleritis helps to differentiate it from other common causes of redness of the eyes, such as conjunctivitis or episcleritis.
There is usually no discharge from the eye in scleritis.
The discoloration that is caused by the inflammation can have a bluish hue and can involve the entire white of the eye or be localized to only one area.
Decreased visual acuity may be caused by extension of scleritis to the adjacent structures, leading to inflammation of the cornea (keratitis) or the colored portion of the front of the eye (uveitis), glaucoma, cataract, and abnormalities of the retina.