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- Scars facts
- What is a scar?
- What are the different types of scars?
- What causes a scar?
- What are symptoms and signs of a scar?
- How are scars diagnosed?
- What is the treatment for a scar?
- Are there any home remedies to reduce scarring?
- What is the prognosis of a scar?
- Can scarring be prevented?
- Does insurance coverage apply to scar treatments?
- Scars always occur when tissues have been significantly damaged and repaired.
- Scars produce changes that disturb the physical architecture of normal skin or other tissue.
- Scars can occur after physical trauma or as part of a disease process.
- Poorly controlled wound healing can result in thick, unsightly scars that cause symptoms.
- There is a genetic predisposition in some people to produce thicker, itchy, enlarging scars called keloids.
- Scarring in areas of increased skin tension or movement tend to be unsightly.
- When wounds are produced surgically, physicians utilize techniques to minimize scarring.
What is a scar?
Scarring is the process by which wounds are repaired. Damage to the deeper layer of the skin, the dermis, is required to produce a scar. Damage to only the epidermis, the most superficial layer of skin, will not always produce a scar. Scars produce a structural change in the deeper layers of the skin which is perceived as an alteration in the architecture of the normal surface features. It is not just a change in skin color.
What are the different types of scars?
There is only one type of scar. The appearance of a scar depends on the nature of the wound that produced the damage, the anatomical location of the wound, and a variety of genetic factors that are different for each individual.
A defective healing process can result in a keloid, an unsightly, itchy, thick, red, knobby bump that often continues to enlarge over time. Keloids often are larger than the margins of the original wound.