- Salmonella Outbreak - Slideshow
- Take the Quiz: Summer Food Safety
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- Patient Comments: Salmonella - Symptoms
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- Salmonella food poisoning facts
- What is Salmonella food poisoning?
- What causes Salmonella outbreaks? How does Salmonella spread?
- What are risk factors for Salmonella food poisoning?
- What are symptoms and signs of Salmonella poisoning?
- Is Salmonella contagious?
- What is the incubation period for a Salmonella infection?
- What is the contagious period for salmonellosis?
- What kinds of doctors treat Salmonella food poisoning?
- How do physicians diagnose Salmonella food poisoning?
- What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
- What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
- What is the prognosis of Salmonella food poisoning?
- Is it possible to prevent Salmonella food poisoning?
Quick GuideSalmonella Food-Poisoning Pictures: Salmonella Food Sources, Symptoms, and Treatment
What is the treatment for Salmonella food poisoning?
In most cases, the symptoms resolve on their own without treatment within four to seven days. Taking plenty of fluids is essential to replace fluid lost by diarrhea to prevent dehydration. People with severe illness or who are unable to take oral liquids may need intravenous fluids. Antibiotics have been shown to prolong the time period in which the bacteria are present in the stool and are therefore not recommended for most cases. People with severe illness, those with risk factors for complications (such as the elderly or infants), or those with decreased immune function may require treatment with antibiotics.
What are complications of Salmonella food poisoning?
Complications of Salmonella food poisoning can include dehydration from vomiting and diarrhea. Spread of the infection to the bloodstream is a further possible complication. This is most likely to occur in people with suppressed immune function. The elderly and very young are also at increased risk for complications.
An uncommon complication called reactive arthritis involves the development of joint pains, irritation of the eyes, and pain on urination. Reactive arthritis may persist for months to years and can lead to chronic arthritis.