salmeterol, Serevent (cont.)

Pharmacy Author:
Medical and Pharmacy Editor:

PREGNANCY: Adequate studies of salmeterol during pregnancy have not been done. In some, but not all, pregnant animal models exposure to very high doses of oral salmeterol has led to offspring with birth defects. The concentrations of salmeterol in the blood after these very high doses, however, were much higher than the concentrations observed after inhalation. Salmeterol inhalation should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

NURSING MOTHERS: In rats, salmeterol is excreted in milk. Therefore, caution should be exercised when salmeterol is administered to nursing women.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects include palpitations, fast heart rate, elevated blood pressure, tremor, nervousness, and headache. Throat and upper airway irritation can occur.

Use of long acting drugs like salmeterol may increase the risk of asthma-related death. Therefore, salmeterol should only be used in patients uncontrolled by other agents and who are using other long-term asthma-controlling medications such as an inhaled corticosteroid.

Reference: FDA Prescribing Information


Last Editorial Review: 12/30/2010



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