Salivary Gland Cancer

Cancer 101: Cancer Explained

Quick GuideUnderstanding Cancer: Metastasis, Stages of Cancer, and More

Understanding Cancer: Metastasis, Stages of Cancer, and More

How does staging affect treatment options?

Stage I salivary gland cancer

Treatment for stage I salivary gland cancer depends on whether the cancer is low-grade (slow growing) or high-grade (fast growing).

If the cancer is low-grade, treatment may include the following:

  • Surgery with or without radiation therapy.
  • Fast neutron radiation therapy.

If the cancer is high-grade, treatment may include the following:

  • Surgery with or without radiation therapy.
  • A clinical trial of chemotherapy.
  • A clinical trial of a new local therapy.

Check the list of NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage II salivary gland cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.

Stage II salivary gland cancer

Treatment for stage II salivary gland cancer depends on whether the cancer is low-grade (slow growing) or high-grade (fast growing).

If the cancer is low-grade, treatment may include the following:

  • Surgery with or without radiation therapy.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy.

If the cancer is high-grade, treatment may include the following:

  • Surgery with or without radiation therapy.
  • Fast neutron or photon-beam radiation therapy.
  • A clinical trial of radiation therapy and/or radiosensitizers.
  • A clinical trial of chemotherapy.

Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's PDQ Cancer Clinical Trials Registry that are now accepting patients with stage II salivary gland cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.

Stage III salivary gland cancer

Treatment for stage III salivary gland cancer depends on whether the cancer is low-grade (slow growing) or high-grade (fast growing).

If the cancer is low-grade, treatment may include the following:

  • Surgery with or without lymphadenectomy. Radiation therapy may also be given after surgery.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Fast neutron radiation therapy to lymph nodes with cancer.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • A clinical trial of fast neutron radiation therapy to the tumor.
  • A clinical trial of chemotherapy.

If the cancer is high-grade, treatment may include the following:

  • Surgery with or without lymphadenectomy. Radiation therapy may also be given after surgery.
  • Fast neutron radiation therapy.
  • Radiation therapy as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.
  • A clinical trial of radiation therapy and/or radiosensitizers.
  • A clinical trial of chemotherapy.

Check the list of NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage III salivary gland cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.

Stage IV salivary gland cancer

Treatment of stage IV salivary gland cancer may include the following:

  • Fast neutron or photon-beam radiation therapy.
  • A clinical trial of chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy.

Check the list of NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage IV salivary gland cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.

Treatment options for recurrent salivary gland cancer

Treatment of recurrent salivary gland cancer may include the following:

  • Radiation therapy.
  • A clinical trial of a new treatment.

Check the list of NCI-supported cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with recurrent salivary gland cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you.

SOURCE:

"Salivary Gland Cancer Treatment." National Cancer Institute (NCI). June 30, 2015. <http://www.cancer.gov/types/head-and-neck/patient/salivary-gland-treatment-pdq#section/_1>.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/30/2015

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