Sage (Salvia officinalis, Sage Leaf, Common Sage, Garden Sage, Black Sage)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP
    Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP

    Jerry R. Balentine, DO, FACEP

    Dr. Balentine received his undergraduate degree from McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland. He attended medical school at the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine graduating in1983. He completed his internship at St. Joseph's Hospital in Philadelphia and his Emergency Medicine residency at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center in the Bronx, where he served as chief resident.

View the Fat-Fighting Foods Slideshow

GENERIC NAME: Salvia officinalis

BRAND NAME: Sage Leaf, Common Sage, Garden Sage, Black Sage

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Sage leaf is a spice that is used as herbal supplement for several conditions. The mechanism of action of Sage leaf is not known. It is believed to provide therapeutic effect through beta-thujone, which is a major component of Sage leaf oil extract.

PRESCRIPTION: No

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Sage leaf is available in tablets, tincture, cream and tea forms.

STORAGE: Due to multiple manufacturers making Sage leaf, storage requirements may vary based on manufacturer practices.

PRESCRIBED FOR: Sage leaf is used for Alzheimer's disease, genital herpes, cough and throat infection, and to relieve stomach cramps.

DOSING:

  • Tincture: Take 1/8 to 1/2 teaspoon of dried sage leaves in a sip of water up to two times a day.
  • Herbal Tea: Drink several cups of sage tea every day for several weeks.
  • Gargle or take small sips of sage tea: Gargle or drink throughout the day as needed.
  • Alzheimer's disease: Take up to 1 gram of sage by mouth per day.
  • Genital herpes: Apply 23 mg per day of sage extract and rhubarb extract cream to affected areas every 2 to 4 hours for 10 to 14 days.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Sage leaf should be used with caution with medications that cause sedation, due to increased sedative effects.

PREGNANCY: There are no adequate studies done on Sage leaf to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.

NURSING MOTHERS: It is not known whether Sage leaf enters breast milk; therefore, it is best to be cautious before using in nursing mothers.

SIDE EFFECTS: Side effects of Sage leaf are restlessness, headache, irritability, stomach upset, and dizziness.

REFERENCE: MedscapeReference. Sage (Harbs/Suppl) - common sage, culinary sage, garden sage, meadow sage, salvia officinalis, true sage.

Quick GuidePortion Control Tips: Lose Weight and Stick to Your Diet

Portion Control Tips: Lose Weight and Stick to Your Diet
FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

RxList Logo

Need help identifying pills and medications?

Use the pill identifier tool on RxList.

Subscribe to MedicineNet's Weight Loss/Healthy Living Newsletter

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors