Running (Jogging)

  • Author:
    Richard Weil, MEd, CDE

  • Medical Editor: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR
    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR

    Dr. Shiel received a Bachelor of Science degree with honors from the University of Notre Dame. There he was involved in research in radiation biology and received the Huisking Scholarship. After graduating from St. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. He is board-certified in Internal Medicine and Rheumatology.

View 7 Most Effective Exercises Slideshow Pictures

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Exercise & Fitness Pictures Slideshow: Hottest Fitness Trends for Men and Women

Where can I find resources on running?

Runner's World Magazine

George Sheehan

Shoe Finder

Shoe finder sponsored by the American Running Association and the American Medical Athletic Association

Pace calculator

Training plans:

Medically reviewed by Avrom Simon, MD; Board Certified Preventative Medicine with Subspecialty in Occupational Medicine

REFERENCES:

National Health Interview Survey 1998

Eaton S et al. The Paleolithic Prescription. Harper and Row, 1988.

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. Harper Perennial, 1990.

William Glasser. Positive Addiction. Harper Colophon Books, 1976.

The Recommended Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory and Muscular Fitness, and Flexibility in Healthy Adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Volume 30, Number 6 June 1998.

Williams, P. T. Relationship of distance run per week to coronary heart disease risk factors in 8283 male runners: the national runner's health study. Arch. Intern. Med. 157:191-198, 1997.

Achten J, et al Fat oxidation rates are higher during running compared with cycling over a wide range of intensities. Metabolism. 2003 Jun;52(6):747-52.

Kram R., et al. Energetics of running: a new perspective. Nature. 346:265-267, 1990.

Hall C et al Energy Expenditure of Walking and Running: Comparison with Prediction Equations. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004 Dec;36(12):2128-34.

Jones AM, et al. A 1% treadmill grade most accurately reflects the energetic cost of outdoor running. J Sports Sci. 1996 Aug;14(4):321-7.

van Gent, BRN, et al. Incidence and determinants of lower extremity running injuries in long distance runners: A systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2007 May 1.

The Recommended Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory and Muscular Fitness, and Flexibility in Healthy Adults Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Volume 30, Number 6 June 1998.

Galloway, Jeff. Galloway's Book on Running. Shelter Publications, 1984.

Nigg, B.M. The role of impact forces and foot pronation: a new paradigm. Clin J Sport Med. 2001 Jan;11(1):2-9.

Cavanagh, P.R. & LaFortune, M.A. (1980). Ground reaction forces in distance running. J Biomech. 13, 397-406.

Clarke, T.E., Frederick, E.C., and Cooper, L.B. (1983). Effect of shoe cushioning upon ground reaction forces in running. Int J Sports Med. 4, 247-251.

Munro, C.F., Miller, D.I., and Fuglevand, A.J. (1987). Ground reaction forces in running: a reexamination. J Biomech. 20, 147-156.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/14/2015

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