GENERIC NAME: rubella virus vaccine live
BRAND NAME: Meruvax II
DISCONTINUED BRAND(S): Meruvax II
Rubella is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus. In children, the disease is usually mild with fever and a rash. However, rubella is especially dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects.
Fortunately, rubella can be prevented with vaccination. Rubella vaccine is a live attenuated (weakened) form of the rubella viruses. The vaccine works by stimulating our immune system to produce antibodies (proteins which will fight and kill the virus) against the rubella virus.
The rubella live vaccine is no longer available in the US and has been replaced with the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR). The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine is a single injection that contains all three vaccines, providing protection from all three infections.
PRESCRIBED FOR: The rubella vaccine is used to prevent rubella infection (German measles). It can be used in persons 12 months of age or older.
SIDE EFFECTS WARNING:
- As with any other medicine, a vaccine may cause serious problems, such as severe allergic reactions. It is extremely rare that the rubella vaccine will cause serious harm or death. Moreover, getting the rubella vaccine is much safer than getting rubella. Few people who get the vaccine do not have any serious problems with it.
- This vaccine contains albumin, a protein that is derived from human blood. Therefore, there is an extremely small risk for transmission of viral diseases.
- Although rare, some patients have developed bleeding problems caused by a drop in platelet count.
- Decrease in platelet count
- Increase in white blood cell count
- Allergic reactions
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Brain infection
- Guillain-Barré syndrome
- Eye problems
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