rubella virus vaccine live (Meruvax II)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

What is rubella virus vaccine-injection, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

The rubella vaccine is a live vaccine (Meruvax II) that is used to prevent rubella infection (German measles).

Rubella is a highly contagious disease that is caused by a virus. In children, the disease is usually mild with fever and a rash. However, rubella is especially dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects.

Fortunately, rubella can be prevented with vaccination. Rubella vaccine is a live attenuated (weakened) form of the rubella viruses. The vaccine works by stimulating our immune system to produce antibodies (proteins which will fight and kill the virus) against the rubella virus.

The rubella live vaccine is no longer available in the US and has been replaced with the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR). The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine is a single injection that contains all three vaccines, providing protection from all three infections.

What brand names are available for rubella virus vaccine-injection?

Meruvax II

Is rubella virus vaccine-injection available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No, the rubella vaccine is no longer available in the US. The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine is the vaccine of choice to protect patients against any of these infections.

Do I need a prescription for rubella virus vaccine-injection?

No

What are the side effects of rubella virus vaccine-injection?

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 10/14/2015

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