GENERIC NAME: rosuvastatin
BRAND NAME: Crestor
GENERIC AVAILABLE: No
USES: Rosuvastatin is used for the reduction of blood total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and to increase HDL cholesterol levels. Rosuvastatin also is used for reducing the risk of heart attacks, stroke, and arterial revascularization procedures in patients without clinically evident coronary heart disease but with multiple risk factors for heart disease.
SIDE EFFECTS: The most common side effects of rosuvastatin are:
Other important side effects include:
Symptoms may start one day to years after starting treatment and resolve within a median of three weeks after stopping the statin.
MORE SERIOUS SIDE EFFECTS:The most serious side effects include:
Severe liver disease of liver failure caused by statins is very rare. More often, statins cause mild abnormalities in liver tests due to injury to the liver. The abnormalities usually disappear with continued therapy, but if the level is over three times the upper limit of normal or baseline, practitioners usually stop the statin. Liver function tests should be performed at the beginning of treatment then as needed thereafter.
Rhabdomyolysis is a very rare but serious side effect of statin therapy. When used alone the frequency of rhabdomyolysis due to statins is less than one percent. Rhabdomyolysis is a process in which there is severe injury to muscles leading to severe pain and the release of muscle protein (myoglobin) into the blood. Myoglobin may cause kidney failure. To prevent the occurrence of rhabdomyolysis, patients taking statins who develop unexplained muscle pain, weakness, or tenderness should report the symptoms to their health care professional.
Rosuvastatin may cause reversible increases in the amount of protein excreted by the kidneys, and in some patients kidney failure has occurred as a result. This effect depends on the dose and occurs more often at the 40 mg dose. Statins have been associated with increases in HbA1c and fasting serum glucose levels, as occur with diabetes.
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