rofecoxib, Vioxx (cont.)

DRUG CLASS AND MECHANISM: Rofecoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is used to treat pain, particularly the pain of osteoarthritis and menstrual cramps. Prostaglandins are chemicals that are important in promoting inflammation and its signs--pain, fever, swelling and tenderness. Rofecoxib blocks the enzyme that makes prostaglandins (cyclooxygenase- 2) and thereby reduces the amounts of prostaglandins. As a consequence, inflammation and its accompanying pain, fever, swelling and tenderness also are reduced. Rofecoxib is similar to celecoxib (Celebrex). Both drugs differ from other NSAIDs in that they cause less irritation and ulceration of the stomach and intestine (at least during short-term treatment), and they do not interfere with the clotting of blood.

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No

PRESCRIPTION: Yes

PREPARATIONS: Tablets: 12.5 mg, 25 mg, and 50mg. Oral Suspension: 12.5 mg/5 mland 25mg/5ml

STORAGE: Store at room temperature, 15-30°C (59-86°F)

PRESCRIBED FOR: Rofecoxib is used for treating the pain, swelling, and tenderness caused by osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in adults. Rofecoxib is also used for treating acute pain such as headache and menstrual cramps.



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